The African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child draws its mandate from articles 32-46 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, which was adopted by the Heads of State and Government of the OAU on 11th July 1990 and came into force on 29th November 1999.
The Charter provides for the Establishment of an African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child consisting of 11 members.
The functions of the Committee include the following;
(a) To promote and protect the rights enshrined in this Charter and in particular to:
(i) collect and document information, commission inter-disciplinary assessment of
situations on African problems in the fields of the rights and welfare of the child,
organize meetings, encourage national and local institutions concerned with the
rights and welfare of the child, and where necessary give its views and make
recommendations to Governments;
(ii) formulate and lay down principles and rules aimed at protecting the rights and welfare
of children in Africa;
(iii) cooperate with other African, international and regional Institutions and organizations
concerned with the promotion and protection of the rights and welfare of the child.
(b) To monitor the implementation and ensure protection of the rights enshrined in this
(c) To interpret the provisions of the present Charter at the request of a State Party,
an Institution of the Organization of African Unity or any other person or Institution
recognized by the Organization of African Unity, or any State Party.(d) Perform such other task as may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State
and Government, Secretary-General of the OAU and any other organs of the OAU or
the United Nations.
1. Every State Party to the present Charter shall undertake to submit to the Committee
through the Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity, reports on the
measures they have adopted which give effect to the provisions of this Charter and on
the progress made in the enjoyment of these rights:
(a) within two years of the entry into force of the Charter for the State Party concerned: and
(b) and thereafter, every three years.
2. Every report made under this Article shall:
(a) contain sufficient information on the implementation of the present Charter to provide
the Committee with comprehensive understanding of the implementation of the
Charter in the relevant country; and
(b) shall indicate factors and difficulties, if any, affecting the fulfillment of the obligations
contained in the Charter.
3. A State Party which has submitted a comprehensive first report to the Committee need
not, in its subsequent reports submitted in accordance with paragraph I (a) of this Article,
repeat the basic information previously provided.
1. The Committee may receive communication, from any person, group or nongovernmental
organization recognized by the Organization of African Unity, by a Member State, or the
United Nations relating to any matter covered by this Charter.
2. Every communication to the Committee shall contain the name and address of the author
and shall be treated in confidence.
INVESTIGATIONS BY THE COMMITTEE
1. The Committee may, resort to any appropriate method of investigating any matter falling
within the ambit of the present Charter, request from the States Parties any information
relevant to the implementation of the Charter and may also resort to any appropriate
method of investigating the measures the State Party has adopted to implement the
2. The Committee shall submit to each Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State
and Government every two years, a report on its activities and on any communication
made under Article  of this Charter.
3. The Committee shall publish its report after it has been considered by the Assembly of
Heads of State and Government.
4. States Parties shall make the Committee’s reports widely available to the public in their